Preparing a Top Bar Bee Hive for Winter

Summer time is winding down right here on the east coast of america, and as temperatures creep downwards and we head for that first frost, right here in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania beekeepers are getting ready hives for overwintering.

Listed here are a couple of suggestions. I am positive you’re already on it, however in simply in case this is are some things to think about:

  • Feed your hives a heavy sugar syrup (2 elements sugar to 1 half water); it is a good suggestion to make use of gallon water jugs and put together syrup utilizing the water containers. Make giant batches of sugar syrup and put this combination again into the water container. These are straightforward to hold and pouring your syrup into no matter type of feeder you’re utilizing can also be an easier process.
  • Think about including dietary supplements like Honey B Wholesome to your sugar syrup. The pure components, additional protein and important oils will assist increase bees immune techniques whereas additionally encouraging survival conduct because the hive shrinks. This time of yr, the drones are kicked out and they won’t be fed by the employee bees. Sugar syrup feeding alone might get your bees via, however from an natural beekeeping perspective it is useful to offer extra actual vitamin, together with some type of pollen/protein. When shopping for pollen from a business outlet, do the perfect you possibly can to find out the pollen supply. If in any respect attainable, keep away from pollen sources which can be contaminated with pesticides. Take into consideration including a pollen lure to your hives subsequent spring. Then you’ll know your pollen supply for fall/spring feeding.
  • Have supplies available to make your personal fondant. When the night-time temperatures are persistently at 45 levels and falling, feed fondant to the bees on days when you possibly can safely open the hive 40 levels F or greater. Examine to see how lengthy it takes your women to eat the fondant.
  • Get your hive insulation supplies prepared! With prime bar hives, you should purchase insulation and tuck it into the roof of your prime bar hive, or just lay it on prime of the highest bars and put your cowl again on. Buy sheet of styrofoam, pack them into giant trash luggage, seal the bag edges with a warmth supply (an iron works should you put a skinny towel on prime of the plastic first). Tape these insulation panels in place utilizing a tie down strap, ensuring to not utterly impede the hive opening.
  • You can too use fiberglass insulation underneath the roof portion of your hive. Minimize the insulation into sections so you possibly can simply transfer them round on days when you’ll be able to work the hive to feed your bees.
  • On a light winter days, your women might take cleaning flights to get rid of waste. They want a approach out of their hive, so do not block the hive entrance with insulation or any tarp chances are you’ll use.
  • With prime bar hives, after you have insulated the roof from the within, tuck an insulation panel (described above) beneath the physique of the hive and tie all down with tie down straps. A canine run screw inserted into the bottom beneath the highest bar hive will maintain the hive in place within the occasion of robust winter winds.
  • Have a provide available for making fondant. On delicate winter days when temperatures climb above 40 levels, you possibly can safely open the hive — shortly — and depart fondant within the hives. Once more, think about including important oils akin to lemon oil to the fondant. Consider the herbs bees like to forage on through the summer time — thyme, peppermint, sage — small quantities any of those important oils are protected so as to add to your sugar water or fondant and they’ll assist maintain your bees’ immune methods in higher form.
  • Search for dietary supplements that may assist stave off Nosema and bees creating intestinal points that result in diarrhea within the spring. Bees cannot course of the water in sugar syrup under a sure temperature, so cease feeding with sugar syrup when temperatures drop under 30 levels.
  • Be certain that your bees can attain their honey shops! Your queen will proceed to put eggs through the chilly months and all of the bees are going to wish a meals supply. How are you going to arrange your hive frames so honey and pollen shops are interspersed inside the hive?
  • Examine in together with your native extension service and/or beekeeping membership for extra info on how you can overwinter hives on roof tops and in different city settings.

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Source by Anaiis Salles