History of Iganna Town, Oyo State, Nigeria, West Africa

Historical past of Iganna City

The Sabiganna of Iganna origin is traceable to Adebiyi, one of many grandsons of Oduduwa generally known as Onisabe.

After the demise of Adebiyi – the Onisabe of Sabe, it was the want of the folks that his son referred to as Gandi Sabi Safa to ascend the throne of Onisabe however the kingmakers had the opposite view as a result of he was not the inheritor of the Onisabe they usually insisted that the primary son of the Oba ought to succeed his father on the throne.

Consequently, Sabi Gandi and his supporter left Sabe (now within the Republic of Benin) and returned to Yoruba land, their ancestral homeland. He left Sabe together with his two wives – Bolujiro and Oluorikan. Bolujiro begat Ajibilu whereas Oluorikan begat Alokolodo. Each Ajibilu and Alokolodo later ascend the throne of their father.

Ajibilu begat Etielu, Baya, Agunloye, Ajimati and Polajo whereas Alokolodo begat the Alokolodo dynasty.

Briefly, Gandi Sabi Safa after session with Ifa Oracle settled down at Iganna instantly after Ofiki river in accordance with the directive of the oracle however earlier than he settled down, he noticed a hut pitched by a person referred to as Balako who was joyful to steer him to Alaafin, the proprietor of the land. Gandi was happy past phrases on the point out of Alaafin identify that his father makes use of to inform him about earlier than his dying, that they have been from the identical mom.

This promted Gandi to satisfy Alaafin and narrated his story. Though he was welcomed by Alaafin however the Tapa warfare was his nice concern. Gandi promised to spur his military into motion to joined hand with Alaafin to struggle the struggle and ultimately gained and introduced the decapitated head of the Tapa King to the Alaafin.

Consequently, Gandi acquired the Royal blessing of the Alaafin who handed over employees of Authority referred to as “Opagun” and instructed him to put in chiefs bearing all of the titles recognized beneath the Alaafin and that’s the reason the chieftaincy titles like Basorun (Bada), Asipa (Basipa), Samu (Basamu), Akinnuku, Lagunna, Gbonka and Agbaakin are put in by the Sabiganna until immediately.

Within the previous Oyo Empire, Iganna was recognized to be highly effective. Then, for administrative conveniences, the descendants of Oranmiyan or the Alaafin have been divided into 4 distinct households recognized by their distinctive dialects and forming the 4 provinces of Yoroba correct.

(i) The Ekun Otun or Western province which included all of the cities alongside the suitable financial institution of the River Ogun right down to Iberekodo. Iganna was the chief city. Different necessary cities have been Okeho, Iseyin, Iwere-Ile, Ijio, Eruwa, Iwawun, Iberekodo, idiyan, Ibode, Igboho, Ipapo, Kisi, Ado-Awaye and Ibarapas and so on.

(ii) Ekun Osi or Metropolitan province comprised all of the cities east of Oyo; Ilorin, Ogbomosho, Ikoyi, being the chief city, different essential cities are the Igbonas, Oro, Irawo and so forth.

(iii) The Ibolo province lies to the South-East of the Ekun Osi cities so far as Ede, Iresa being the chief city. Different necessary cities are: Ofa, Oyan, Okuku, Ikirun, Osogbo, Ido, Ilobu, Ejigbo and Ede.

(iv) The Epo (weeds) are the cities mendacity to the south and South-West of Oyo, the chief city of which was Oluwo of Iwo. Different essential cities on this division have been: Masifa, Ife-Odan, Ara, Iwo, Ilora, Akinmorin, Fiditi, Awe, In the past Oja.

Summarily, the phrase ‘IGANNA’ actually denotes wall fence in Yoroba language. The city is understood and addressed as IGANNA and the title of the king as SABIGANNA as a result of it captures and preserves the historic antecedents of the city on how Gandi Sabi Safa our founding father emigrated from Sabe within the current Republic of Benin because of chieftaincy tussle between him and his brother within the curiosity of peace. This accounts for why Iganna individuals are peace-loving until date.

Historical past had it that Sabe was fence spherical with an entrance gate because it was achieved prior to now for safety purpose. When Gandi Sabi Safa determined emigrate from the city together with his supporters in order to avert pandemonium that would ensued due to the chieftaincy tussle between him and his elder brother after the demise of their father – Adebiyi, he thought-about it sensible to flee by way of the wall fence with a ladder slightly than to be declared safety danger that would exit and reinforce to assault the city by safety guards that man the primary entrance to the fenced Sabe.

In an try and protect this historic expertise, Gandi and his supporters determined to call their new discovered land, IGANNA and the title of the king, SABIGANNA which is the coinage of SABI that climbed the wall fence (IGANNA) to flee together with his supporters; SABIGANNA.


1. Egungun: It’s all the time celebrated within the month of August of every yr.

2. Sango/Odun Balogun: Celebrated within the month of September of every yr.

three. Oosii: Celebrated additionally in September.

four. Odua: Celebrated in October.

5. Orisa_nla Ajobo: Celebrated in October.

6. Osun: Celebrated in October.

7. Oro Mojesi (all the time final for seven days): Celebrated in October.

eight. Yante: Celebrated in October.

9. Ifa Tite: Celebrated in November.

The cultural heritage of the Iganna consists of the Onko dialect of the Oyo tribe. The individuals are predominantly farmers. Material weaving (Aso_Oke) can also be an occupation of the indigenes of Iganna. Aside from these, buying and selling can also be one of many historic occupations of the city. In response to historical past, the individuals of Iganna do trek from Iganna to Abeokuta, Ibadan, Lagos and different neighbouring cities/villages for the aim of buying and selling within the historic days.

The Iganna individuals gown in all recognized Yoroba outfits. These consists of Gbariye, Siki, Dandongo, Buba and Sokoto (males), Iro and Buba (females), with Sanyan Cap and Gele to match.

Searching is one other predominant occupation of the individuals of Iganna. The predominant meals of farmers within the Yoroba tribe are additionally meals of individuals of Iganna comparable to Oka (Amala), Iyan (Pounded Yam), Eko jije, Eko mimu, Lanfun (Cassava flour), with Egusi soup and different greens.

Fishing can also be a paramount occupation of the Iganna, therefore, the individuals are described as Iganna a fie yin be lu Odo… which means, the individuals of Iganna do bounce into river in a backward type for swimming.

Iganna individuals are additionally warriors in line with historical past. E.g., Tapa warfare, Dahomey warfare throughout Alaafin Obalokun at Oyoro.

Source by Francis Iyoha